Cultural Resource Management
As an industry, Cultural Resource Management (CRM) developed in the 1970s in response to the enactment of federal preservation and conservation laws including the Archaeological and Historic Preservation Act of 1960, the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (NHPA), the Department of Transportation Act of 1966 (USDOT), National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), the Clean Water Act of 1972, the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, the American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1978, and the Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979.
In the US, the majority of CRM work centers around assisting agencies, companies, and individuals on projects that require compliance with Section 106 of the NHPA 1966, as amended (54 USC 306108). The SPARC staff is fully familiar with cultural resource preservation law pertinent to federal undertakings and can guide clients through the intricacies of Section 106 Compliance. This includes facilitating Consultation among agencies, tribes, and other parties; production of Effect Documentation; and drafting Agreement Documents, such as Programmatic Agreements (PA) and Memoranda of Agreement/Understanding (MOA/U).
In addition to Section 106 Compliance, the SPARC staff is well versed in Section 4f (USDOT 1966) Compliance as it relates to historic properties (49 USC 303). This includes Section 4f and De Minimis evaluations and documentation/statements.
SPARC offers the following professional services: